ICED Seminar Series: Summer 2017
Disability, Health & Human Development
Speaker: Dr Sophie Mitra, Fordham University, New York, USA
This event was held on Monday 3 July 2017, 1.00 – 2.00 PM
This talk covers the main messages from Dr Mitra’s forthcoming book. It describes the current understanding of the links between disability and wellbeing. It introduces the human development model to define disability and map its links with health and wellbeing. This model is based on Sen’s capability approach. The talk also describes the use of panel survey data with internationally comparable questions on disability for Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. It presents evidence on the prevalence of disability and its strong and consistent association with multidimensional poverty, mortality, economic insecurity and deprivations in education, morbidity and employment.
This evidence shows that disability needs to be considered from multiple angles including aging, gender, health and poverty. The talk concludes that disability policies are unlikely to be conducive to human development for all if they exclusively use an oppressed minority group approach and focus on barrier removal. It makes a call for inclusion and prevention interventions as solutions to the deprivations associated with impairments and health conditions.
Dr Sophie Mitra
Sophie Mitra is Professor of Economics at Fordham University. She is co-editor of the Palgrave Studies in Disability and International Development, a fellow of the Human Development and Capability Association and a senior research associate at the Center for International Policy Studies at Fordham.