New Delphi Process launched to develop a Legal Framework on the Economic Gains of Inclusion/Costs of Exclusion of People with Disabilities

New Delphi Process launched to develop a Legal Framework on the Economic Gains of Inclusion/Costs of Exclusion of People with Disabilities 


Earlier in 2014 we launched our CBM-funded report on the economic gains of inclusion/ costs of exclusion of people with disabilities. The full and summary reports are available here.

The report identified 97 epidemiological studies from LMICs that examined the relationship between disability and poverty. 80% of these found a positive, statistically significant association between disability and economic poverty – providing a robust empirical basis to support the theorized disability-poverty link.

Multiple pathways of economic impact of exclusion/ gains of inclusion were established by the report, including:

  • Exclusion of children with disabilities from education leading to lower employment and earning potential (and potentially limiting national economic growth)
  • Exclusion of adults with disabilities from employment leading to disproportionately high levels of underemployment/unemployment, lower pay-scales for performing the same work as individuals without disabilities, and lost earning potential for family members acting as caregivers
  • Exclusion of persons with disabilities from employment also causing lower economic self-sufficiency, lower tax revenues and greater reliance on social assistance  (where available)
  • Inability to access and receive appropriate and timely health care leading to spiraling medical costs and poor or worsening levels of functioning that increase personal and societal medical and productivity costs
  • Evidence from high income countries that employees with disabilities have greater retention rates, higher attendance, better safety records and matched productivity compared to employees without disabilities

We are now launching a Delphi Process to develop a legal framework that will address barriers to the right to education, employment and health that persons with disabilities face in low and middle income countries.

We are recruiting experts in disability, law and/or human rights to participate.

The process will consist of 2-3 rounds of questions, each preceded by a summary of the previous round until a consensus is reached. Each round will take aprox 15 minutes and you will be given one week to answer the questions in each round.

We will produce from this a document of recommendations in promoting inclusion of people with disabilities within a legal framework.

If you have expertise in disability, law and/or human rights and would like to participate, please contact Lisa Montel:


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