The Economic Costs of Exclusion and Gains of Inclusion of People with Disabilities

Evidence from Low and Middle Income Countries

Photo of front page of the Costs of Exclusion and Gains of Inclusion ICED and CBM report

Lena Morgon Banks & Sarah Polack

International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

This report was funded by CBM and prepared by researchers at ICED.

The report is formed of two parts:

PART ASystematic Review on Disability and Economic Poverty.
This section presents a systematic review of the literature on the relationship between disability and economic poverty. The majority of studies identified showed a positive, statistically significant association between disability and economic poverty across age groups, location, disability types and study designs.

PART B Economic Costs of Exclusion and Gains of Inclusion.
This section explores the economic consequences of the exclusion and inclusion of people with disabilities in the areas of education, employment and health. The key pathways through which these economic costs may arise are discussed and studies that have attempted to quantify the financial impacts are reviewed.

The FULL report (38 pages) can be downloaded using the following links:

A SUMMARY report (7 pages) can be downloaded using the following links:

Accessible versions of all tables and figures are available on request

Report Author Contact details:

Lena Morgon Banks: morgon.banks@lshtm.ac.uk

Sarah Polack: sarah.polack@lshtm.ac.uk

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